Diseases -Dengue Fever

Mosquito Borne Diseases

Believe it or not, mosquitoes lead the list of the most deadly animals in the world, ahead of lions, elephants, hippos, and crocs. It’s estimated that 600,000 people die each year of malaria alone, only one of several important mosquito transmitted diseases. Fortunately, malaria was eradicated in the U.S. many years ago through strong public health efforts and effective mosquito control. But this doesn’t mean we’re free of risks of mosquito borne disease today.

Make a selection to learn more about the most important potential diseases carried by mosquitoes in your community.

Dengue Fever carried by:
Aedes aegypti and probably Aedes albopictus

For more information visit www.cdc.gov/dengue

Dengue Fever Symptoms
Pain behind eyes
Nose/gums mild bleeding
Muscle pain
Joint pain
Easy bruising

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is relatively rare in the U.S., but may affect travelers to tropical areas and sometimes appears in south Texas and south Florida. If you get Dengue fever, you will experience a high fever and at least two of the following symptoms: severe headache, severe pain behind the eyes, joint pain, muscle and/or bone pain, rash, mild bleeding from nose or gums—or bruising. A more serious form of the disease called Dengue Hemorrhagic fever can occur if you are infected a second time with a different strain of the four variants of the dengue virus.

There is no treatment for Dengue fever. Rest, drink plenty of fluids, and avoid further mosquito bites by using repellents. Use acetaminophen for pain and avoid aspirin or non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) like ibuprofen or naproxen for pain relief. These pain relievers can lead to increased risk of bleeding. See a doctor immediately if you experience severe abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, bloody stool or vomit, or more severe symptoms—you may have Dengue Hemorrhagic fever, which can be fatal.