Types of Mosquitoes – Aedes aegypti

Types of Mosquitoes

There are about 200 kinds of mosquitoes in the U.S.; each has its own special characteristics and behaviors. Shown here are seven types that are likely to be the most common and important public health mosquito species in your area.  Select a type of mosquito to learn more.
aedes_aegypti

Physical Characteristics of
Aedes aegypti

Small brown or black mosquito with distinctive white markings. Distinct white stripes around bases of tarsal leg segments and abdominal segments. Distinguished from tiger mosquito by white scales on clypeus and on top of thorax two sub-medial white stripes and y-shaped markings.

Aedes aegypti
The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, prefers warmer climates and is closely related to the Asian tiger mosquito. It lays its eggs in stagnant water in containers like old tires, neglected buckets or soft drink cans. It feeds mostly on humans, and is active during the day and evening hours. It is most common in the southernmost parts of the U.S., though it may be active as far north as New York City.

Aedes aegypti is a weak flier and usually stays within a block or two from its breeding site. This mosquito carries several important diseases including dengue fever, Zika virus and chikungunya. Should these diseases enter the country, this mosquito will likely help spread them. The yellow fever mosquito is not thought to carry West Nile virus.